Muck Science and Sensory Activities

How is mud made? What are the differences between dirt and mud? How does mud feel? These are some of the questions children answer as they explore dirt, water, and the results of mixing the two: MUD or MUCK! 

Muck Science and Sensory Preschool and Kindergarten Activities

What you need:

  • dirt
  • ​trowels
  • paper plates
  • large baggies
  • craft sticks
  • magnifying glasses
  • exploration tools: measuring cups, strainers, spoons, funnels, basters, etc.
  • 3 large tubs or water tables
  • watering can
  • chart paper
  • ​black marker

What you do:

Step 1: Observe and Explore Dirt

Preschool Activities: 

Give children plastic baggies and trowels for collecting dirt outside. Once children have their bags of dirt, have them place some of it on paper plates for exploration. Give them craft sticks, magnifying glasses, and other tools to inspect the dirt on their plates.

Preschool Activities: 

Ask questions to help children name their observations: Record their responses on chart paper.

  • How does the dirt feel?
  • How does it smell?
  • What do you see in the dirt?

Step 2: Make and Explore Muck

Preschool Activities: 

Have children pour the dirt from their baggies into two tubs. Fill a third tub with water. Add water from a watering can to one of the tubs containing dirt. Explain that when dirt mixes with water, the result is mud or muck. Arrange the tubs in an area where children can explore the three substances with a vareity of tools such as measuring cups, strainers, basters, brushes etc. Encourage children to move items found in the dirt (leaves, twigs, rocks etc.) to the tub of water to see what happens. As children explore, ask questions to faciliatate a comparison of the three substances and their different qualities. 

Preschool Activities: 
Preschool Activities: 
  • How is the dry dirt different than the mud/muck?
  • How is the water different than the mud/muck?
  • How does the dirt feel? the water? the mud/muck?
  • What happens to a leaf in water?
  • What happens to a leaf in muck?
  • What happens to a rock in water?
  • ​What happens to a rock in muck? 

Preschool Activities: 

If you have scales, children can weigh equal amounts of dirt and mud/muck to see which is heavier. They can also use toy cars or trucks and move them through the dirt and the muck to compare how each substance responds. 

Follow up the activity with a group discussion. Write children's observations on chart paper and have them draw conclusions about mud/muck and its qualities based on their explorations.

Preschool Activities: 

We love the mud list poem by Sunflower Lily on Flickr (cc)


View more preschool and kindergarten frogs and pond activities and crafts


KidsSoup Resource Librar


Our Products

Company Info

Privacy and use

Connect with us

Education - This is a contributing Drupal Theme
Design by WeebPal.