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Preschool and Kindergarten Readiness Milestones

Kindergarten Milestones

Knowing where your child should be before entering first grade will help you prepare activities and guide them in the right direction to be ready and successful in first grade. It is important to remember that each child is an individual that grows and develops at his or her own pace and in his or her own way. We believe children at this age learn best if the subject is presented in a natural, informal manner, so that they do not feel forced into an activity. Kindergarten academics do not have to be only worksheets and printables. You can teach many of these academic skills through daily conversations, activities, and games.

Reading Milestones
Mathematics Milestones
Science Milestones
Fine and Gross Motor Skills Milestones

Language Arts

Reading Milestones:

Letter Knowledge and Early Word Recognition
Recognizes and identifies all upper and lowercase letters
Matches consonant sounds to appropriate letters
Matches spoken words to written words
Begins to use initial consonant sounds to read words
Reads simple high frequency words

Print and Book Awareness
Identifies parts of a book
Follows words left to right and top to bottom
Matches spoken words to written words
Retells important details in a story

Language/Phonemic Awareness/Phonics
Identifies and recognizes words beginning with the same sounds. (e.g., balloon, bike, and butterfly all have /b/ at the beginning)
Blends sounds together to make words
Begins to hear, identify, and make rhyming words (e.g., The cat sits on the mat.)
Begins to identify and use initial consonant sounds to read words (e.g., The first sound in sun is /s/.)
Begins to use word patterns to read words (_at, _all)

Read also the PBS Kindergarten Reading Milestones article.

Oral Language/Vocabulary
Speaks to inform or relates experiences
Expands word choices to communicate effectively

Reads emergent reader level text and repeats and understands information from the text and picture

Read also the PBS Kindergarten Talking Milestones article.

Expresses a thought or idea using drawings, letters, or words
Writes simple sentences
Spells high frequency words (sight words) correctly
Writes independently using age appropriate spelling

Read also the PBS Kindergarten Writing Milestones article.

Listening and Speaking Skills
Extends and expresses thoughts why events happened and why characters acted as they did
Makes reasonable predictions about the stories
Repeats information heard from stories

Read also the PBS Kindergarten Listening Milestones article.



Patterns and Classification
Describes the location of an object using directional and position words
Identifies, describes, extends, and creates patterns using concrete objects
Organizes and displays data using bar graphs and pictographs as a class
Compares, sorts, and orders objects and explains the sorting rule
Identifies and describes opposites
Recognizes a penny, a nickel, and a dime

Numbers and Operations
Counts through and beyond 10
Identifies the number of objects in a set
Recognizes, writes, and uses whole numbers through 10
Identifies and creates sets of objects with more, less, or equal amounts
Identifies the position of an object using the numbers first through fifth.
Estimate quantities less than 20
Models addition and subtraction using concrete objects
Identifies more/than and less/than

Measurement and Geometry
Identifies and describes measurable attributes such as length and weight to compare and order objects
Compares the lengths of two objects by using direct comparison and non-standard units
Identifies, names, and describes a variety of shapes, such as squares, triangles, circles, rectangles



Children acquire science knowledge, practice science process skills, and apply science concepts through reading and observing. They are able to classify living, non-living, and once-were-living objects, and investigate the needs of living things.


Fine and Gross Motor Skills

Fine motor skills are the small hand movements needed for writing, zipping, tying shoes, and manipulating objects. Remember, every child will acquire the fine-motor skills needed for handwriting in a different time table. The more your child uses his or her fingers in activities that help to strengthen hand coordination, the sooner he or she will master these skills.

Gross motor skills are the large movements like running, skipping, climbing, and jumping.